Provisional Tax is not a separate tax but a way of paying your income tax as the income is received through the year. You pay instalments of income tax during the year, based on what you expect your tax bill to be. The amount of provisional tax you pay is then deducted from your tax bill at the end of the year.
If your residual income tax is $2,500 or more you will have to pay provisional tax for the following year. Residual income tax is basically the tax to pay after subtracting any rebates you are eligible for and any tax credits (excluding provisional tax). Residual income tax is clearly labelled in the tax calculation in your tax return.
There are two ways of working out your provisional tax. One is the standard option and the other one is the estimation option. If you are also registered for GST and meet the other eligibility criteria, the ratio option may be available to you as well (see below for more on the GST Ratio option).
The IRD automatically charges provisional tax using the standard option unless you choose the estimation or ratio options.
The standard option takes your residual income tax for the previous year and makes an adjustment. The calculation for the adjustment from the 2013 year is:
The other way to work out your provisional tax is to estimate what your residual income tax will be. When working out the tax, keep the following points in mind:
The due date and amount of instalments you need to make for payment of your provisional tax each year depends on your balance date, which of the above options you use and how often you pay GST (if registered).
If you have a 31 March balance date and use the standard or estimation option, provisional tax payments are due on:
|First instalment||28 August|
|Second instalment||15 January|
|Third instalment||7 May|
In most circumstances you will be charged interest if the provisional tax you paid is less than your residual income tax. If the provisional tax you pay is more than your residual income tax, the IRD may pay you interest on the difference.
Another Option – the GST Ratio Option
If you are also registered for GST you are able to pay your provisional tax at the same time as your GST payments. You will be able to use the ratio option if:
This method of paying provisional tax may not suit everyone. Solutions such as tax pooling can also be used to ease taxpayers' concerns and costs in calculating provisional tax. We suggest that you discuss your options with your accountant.
For further information on provisional tax give us a call or refer to the IRD Website.